Cardiac Science is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and the treatment of disorders related to the heart – its muscles, chambers and the blood vessels. This is an extremely important of medical science simply because it involves the heart, which is a vital organ that helps pump blood and supplies it to all the organs, tissues and cells in humans.
Cardiac sciences involves both medicine and surgery. A special doctor called a cardiologist looks after the branch of cardiac sciences. A cardiac surgeon is the one who conducts all types of heart surgery, including bypass surgery and cabg surgery.
Cardiology or cardiac sciences is a sensitive branch of medicine sciences that involves the treatment of many life-threatening conditions. There are several types of heart diseases such as coronary heart disease and arrhythmias and fatal heart events such as cardiac arrest and heart attack.
The arrhythmias are primarily treated with the help of cardiac science defibrillator. It is a special procedure used for the treatment of life-threatening arrhythmias, including ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation. Defibrillator cost varies from one hospital to another and from country to country.
Open heart surgery is a complex and a sensitive procedure that involves a lot of risks and complications. A lot of care needs to be taken after a patient undergoes any type of cardiac surgery or cardiothoracic surgery.
Pacemaker implantation is yet another surgery used for the treatment of abnormal heart rhythms. During a pacemaker surgery, an electrical device is implants into the chest of the patient, which sends low electrical impulses to the heart. The impulses makes the heart beat at a normal rhythm.
Procedures of Cardiac Sciences
ASD heart port surgery is used to replace damaged heart valves in patients. During the heart port surgery procedure, a minimally invasive technique is used to insert a tube through the neck threaded to the blood vessels. Small ports are created between ribs and small tools are inserted through them to replace the damaged valve.
CABG high risk surgery is needed for patients showing signs of high risk of heart attack, persistent and intolerable symptoms despite medical treatments and signs of arterial narrowing. When a patient’s medical report shows the EuroSCORE greater than 5, it means he has to undergo CABG high risk treatment.
Pacemaker implant is required for patients whose hearts are not functioning properly. Pacemaker implant double chamber procedure helps to connect both the right atrium and right ventricle. The pacemaker is a small-battery charged generator that helps to pump blood in high quantity.
Patent ductus arteriosus or PDA is required to improve cardiac function, reduce systematic overload and minimize right to left shunting. PDA disetion treatment is suitable for those suffering from congestive heart failure.
ASD/VSD/AV Repair, MV repair /Paediatric TOF: Padiatric cardiac surgery along with ASD/VSD is performed by a specialist on children who need to be treated for heart defects. The cardiologist uses a stethoscope to find out if the child’s heart is beating rhythmically or not.
Conduit Repair/ ASO/AV Canal Repair/ TCPC/Fontan/ASO/AV Canal Repair: Babies who are born with heart defects should undergo Padiatric cardiac surgery. However, the pediatric cardiac operation may be accompanied by ASO/AV canal repair, depending on the severity of the condition.