Neurology and Neurosurgery
Neurology and Neurosurgery are closely aligned in meaning, and both deals with disorders, injuries and diseases of the nervous system, brain, spinal cord and muscles. The medical professionals handling this field of medicine require profound understanding of the subject for treatment, which can be in the form of medicine and surgical procedures.
Specialists dealing with patients suffering from problems associated with neurology are called neurologists, whereas a neurosurgeon is someone skilled in the field of neurosurgery.
The role of a neurologist is wide-ranging, involving diagnosis and treatment of several conditions and diseases in the nervous system, brain and their supporting tissues. Besides, he or she may require specialization in the treatment of patients with short-term pain and debilitating chronic pain.
On the other hand, a neurosurgeon administers a variety of therapies, ranging from radiation to endoscopic microsurgery to traditional open surgery. The specialist deals with complex areas of practice that include traumas of the brain, strokes, tumours and aneurysms.
Neurologists, tend to act as diagnosticians, detecting and isolating the conditions to be attended by a neurosurgeon, who usually follows surgical treatments to correct or remove the condition.
Neurosurgeons across the top-notch hospitals in the world are well-qualified, super-specialized in skull-base surgeries, pediatric neurosurgery and interventional neuroradiology. Aside from receiving the best services, you will enjoy great understanding and warm behaviours from the best neurosurgeon in the world.
You will find state-of-the-art equipment, catheter-based and minimally invasive endoscopic procedures, world-class services and neurological care, a wide-range of miniature instruments for reinforcing and repairing blood vessels in the best neurology hospitals. Apart from this, the most coveted hospitals should have rehabilitation specialists since complex neurosurgery requires rigorous neuro and physical rehabilitation.
The key difference in the income of a neurologist and a neurosurgeon gives an idea about their respective responsibilities. It is true that neurosurgeons earn more than their neurologist peers, starting from the first year of practice. Neurology and neurosurgery is, therefore, a very critical speciality area that requires extensive study and understanding.
Procedures of Neurology and Neurosurgery
This is a condition defined by occurrence of a traumatic brain injury to brain lesions or blood clot in the brain. All elective craniotomies hospital stay can extend from 15 up to 30 days and even to the extent of a month. The cost of all elective craniotomies varies from country to country.
Under this branch of proceduress, the neurosurgeon performs all types of spinal surgeries to treat disorders or diseases in the spinal nerve or spinal cord with procedures such as spine fusion surgery combined with instrumentation required for the surgery. Spine fusion instruments under all intra-dural spinal surgeries are required to bring additional spinal ability with the aid of fusion set up.
Neurologists use the latest operating microscopic instruments and procedures that offers the best lighting, zoom and optics. Using microscopic instruments are best controlled and defined by their ease of use and precision. All microscopic operations including implant are required in case of several operations and surgeries.
Brachial Plexes are nerves that stem from the neck region and spread to the other nerves, responsible for controlling sensation and movement of the upper limb. Brachial Plexus injuries are treated with muscle transfer, nerve transfer and nerve graft techniques. Neurosurgeons use stereotactic procedure to place a needle in the lesion with much more accuracy.
Brain tumours in the primary stage are either malignant or benign. However, if a cancerous tumour in any part of the body sends cells to the brain, then such tumours are known as metastatic brain tumours. Brain tumour symptoms vary, depending upon location, type and size of the tumour. A brain tumour surgery can only relieve the situation in some cases.
Pituitary tumours symptoms show in the form of headache, changes in menstrual cycle for females, vision problems, unexplained tiredness and impotence. Patients with parotid tumours are treated through excisions. It is a minimally invasive procedure that makes a small hole in the skull through which the parotid gland is removed.
Skull base tumour treatment includes chemotherapy or radiotherapy, surgical extirpation, surgical resection and excision. It is true that complete excision of tumours at the skull base is not accurately possible, but by giving radiotherapy post surgery, the tumour can be removed. Skull base meningiomas are minimally symptomatic or asymptomatic.
Burr holes are drilled into the skull to drain pus from the abscess found in your body. Brain aspiration for abscess is required for performing a surgery known as Craniotomy. CT scan is required to locate the brain abscess. The risk factors for brain abscess are minimized with antibiotics and surgery.
Chronic sub-dual haematoma is a kind of a brain disorder, which is caused due to blood breakdown and collection of blood breakdown products in between dura bridging veins and surfaces of the brain. The chronic sub-dual haematoma indications are noted through an MRI or CT scan.
CSF shunt procedure is performed to relieve pressure on your brain, which results due to fluid accumulation. VP shunt, also known as ventriculoperitoneal shunt. It is a type of medical device used for the treatment of hydrocephalus, a condition which happens when cerebrospinal fluid gets accumulated in the brain’s ventricles.
When you suffer back pain from vertebral compression fractures, kyphoplasty is done by injecting bone cement through a very small hole in the skin to your fractured vertebra. Besides, patients report speedy recovery after kyphoplasty, which is realized immediately after the operation or within two days.
When unbearable pressure is created on your rear nerves and spinal cord, it is best treated with laminectomy. Laminectomy procedure includes creating space in back portion of the vertebra by removing the lamina. Lumbar laminectomy is performed by removing a portion of your vertebrae to relieve you from back pain.
Lumbar discectomy surgery is performed to remove the lumbar, which is pressing on the spinal cord or the nerve root. Spinal surgery procedures are performed by neurosurgeons. This condition is also known as microdecompression, which is performed on patients having a herniated lumbar disc. Portions of herniated disc are removed to relieve pressure from the spinal nerve.
Scoliosis is defined as a condition in which patients suffer extreme pain from curvature of the spine. Although, the specific reasons for scoliosis are not yet determined, but some reasons are attributed to birth defects, muscular dystrophy, tumours and infections. It is treated with surgery, bracing and observation.
Spinal fusion for two-level is triggered by degenerated discs that causes acute low back pain. The result of spinal fusion two-level is disabling and severe pain at the two levels of your spine. Pain management is an ideal way to ensure spinal fusion two-level recovery.
DBS helps in the treatment of Parkinson disease symptoms such as rigidity, tremor, walking problems, slowed movement and stiffness. Deep brain stimulation surgery is required to improve your motor function if you are suffering from Parkinson’s disease. In addition, surgery also helps in treatment of other debilitating deep brain stimulation symptoms.
Spinal fusion, decompression and anthroplasty are surgical procedures aimed towards correction of bone problems in the spine to provide relief from pain. Spinal fusion is about correcting small bones in the spine through surgery. Decompression intends to relieve pain due to compression or pressure in nerve roots through surgery.
Spinal fusion one-level is also known as single level fusion. Single level spinal fusion surgery is performed to stop the constant motion caused at the painful vertebral segment. This helps to decrease pain that generates in the joint. A bone graft is created in between the two vertebral to allow bone fusion.
If a person has tumour in the pituitary gland or within the skull, then it is removed by means of trans-sphenoid surgery. Transsphenoidal surgery is done by means of endoscopic procedure wherein surgical instruments are inserted into the person’s brain to reach the sphenoidal sinus cavity.
VP Shunt procedure is administered to treat hydrocephalus. This medical condition is described as excess accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain’s ventricles. Infections in VP shunt can cause harm to your brain. Therefore, VP implants are used and the recovery time after VP shunt is three to four days.