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Adding bone graft to an area of the spine that results as setting up a biological response, which causes the bone to grow between the two vertebral elements and stops the motion at that segment is called as decompression fusion. The goal of this orthopedic surgery is to achieve spinal fusion in the lower back by inserting a cage, directly into the disc space. This cage can be made of either allograft bone or synthetic material.

Posterior fusion of the spine procedure is performed under general anaesthesia. A 3-to 6-inch long incision is made in the midline of the back and the left and right lower back muscles are stripped of the lamina on both sides and at multiple levels.

After that, the lamina approached by the incision is removed, which allows visualization of the nerve roots. Now, more room for nerves are made by trimming the facet joints. After that, the nerve roots are retracted to one side and the disc space is cleaned off. Finally, the cage is inserted into the disc space and the bone grows from vertebral body to the vertebral body.

Risks involved in spine fusion surgery are infection and bleeding. However, a rare complication of non-union is also possible.

Decompression Posterior
and Fusion – Spine
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