Orthopedics is a medical specialty concerned with disorders and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. An orthopaedic doctor or an orthopaedic surgeon is well-versed and adequately-skilled with the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal trauma, degenerative diseases, spine diseases, congenital disorders, tumours and infections.
Patients of all age groups from newborns to elderly can be victim of musculoskeletal conditions, which include joints or bones, cartilage or tendons, nerves or ligaments. It is a matter of prime significance that almost every medical speciality is connected to the study of orthopaedics and also the musculoskeletal system. After all, the musculoskeletal is the framework of your body that works as mechanics for your body to function.
Not always, an orthopaedic surgery is the only solution, but there are several non surgical treatments administered by an orthopaedic surgeon. An orthopaedist is found everywhere, whether on the sidelines of sporting activities or in the hospital wards, in the emergency rooms or in an orthopaedic clinic.
The best orthopaedic surgeons are aware of the fine differences between normal shoulder pain due to inflammation and shoulder pain due to tearing of the rotator cuff.
An orthopaedic specialist is trained and specialized in the common procedures which include shoulder decompression and arthoscopy, Carpal tunnel release, knee meniscectomy and arthoscopy, repair of femoral neck fracture, removal of support implant, total knee replacement, repair of trochanteric fracture, hip replacement, knee arthoscopy repair of both menisci, knee chondroplasty and arthoscopy, knee replacement surgery, laminectomy, repair of rotator cuff tendon, low back intervertebral disc surgery, repair of any body part fracture and incision finger tendon sheath.
Although, orthopaedic conditions are also found in children, many people develop such concerns with aging. Most of the orthopaedic conditions are nowadays treatable with the advent of advanced medical science. Take a note that most of the vital surgical procedures and successful treatments around the world are orthopaedic. The best way to ensure that your orthopaedic condition is rightfully treated is to consult with the doctor regarding every detail about your condition and seeking the right advice.
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Procedures of Orthopedics
A knee joint injury may involve several conditions, of which meniscus tear can cause excruciating pain in the knee. Torn meniscus surgery, which is also known as menisectomy, is performed to remove the torn meniscus. However, orthopaedists prefer to opt for a knee joint replacement in older patients in such a situation.
The acronym ORIF stands for open reduction internal fixation, which is defined as a kind of surgery that is used to fix broken bones. This type of surgery is essential in case of severe bone fracture to realign the bone fracture by reducing it to a size that can be fitted in place. ORIF surgery normally takes between two and three hours.
TLIF, also known as transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion, is performed to fuse the posterior and the anterior columns of the spine by means of spine approach. Minimally invasive surgical procedure may be used for it. TLIP surgery success rate is commendable, since almost 60% to 70% patients show improvement post TLIF surgery.
Patients suffering from ankle arthritis should undergo ankle arthrodesis, which aims to provide relief against pain and enhance function of the ankle. The ankle arthrodesis procedure is also known as ankle fusion that takes ankle bones and eventually fuse the bones into one. Ankle arthrodesis procedure helps eradicate pain and eliminate motion from the ankle joint.
To help restore function of your knee after surgery, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is inevitable. ACL Reconstruction is defined as a surgical tissue graft replacement of a person’s anterior cruciate ligament. The ACL reconstruction recovery time is approximately six weeks. This time is required for the bone to get attached to the graft.
Arthroscopic surgery is performed to diagnose and ensure treatment of problems in the knee joint. During a typical arthroscopic surgery procedure, an endoscope is inserted through minimally invasive technique into the joint through a small incision. A tiny camera is mounted at the end of the endoscope to get a view of the inside.
This type of surgery is done by opening the carpal tunnel and cutting the transverse carpal ligaments, to relieve patient of the severe pain arising because of carpal tunnel symptoms. The surgery may result into weakness, pain and numbness in the region, but carpal tunnel recovery takes approximately 6 months.
The decompression of the anterior along with spine fusion surgery is performed for adding soft tissue and padding of the bony structures. During the spine fusion surgery, the patient lies on his back with the head upwards. Sequential compression boots are used at the lower extremities of the patient to avoid blood clot development.
This type of surgery aims at removing a very small portion of the bone over the disc material or nerve root to ensure more space at the nerve root for better healing environment. Decompression back surgery is done to alleviate pains that are caused due to pinched nerves, which is also known as neural impingement.
at level II is a surgery which is performed to decorticate transverse processes and facet joints and then bone grafts are placed on the sides of the vertebrae. A few centimetres (4-8cm) incision is made exactly at the lower back at level two of the spinal levels so as to fuse.
One level disc replacement lumbar is a type of a weight-bearing implant that is used as an alternative to fusion. The idea is to make sure of controlled motion during surgery level. The lumber disc replacement benefits include longer implant stability via bone-in-growth and great range of heights and footprints.
The two-level lumber disc replacement is a surgical procedure performed on patients suffering from symptomatic degenerative disc disease. This type of surgery addresses two adjacent offending cervical discs. Herein, two problematic discs are removed and then they are replaced with two artificial disc devices.
Treated as the best alternative to total hip replacement, hip resurfacing surgery involves placing a cobalt-chrome metal cap on the head of the femur. Another matching cup is placed on the acetabulum, thus replacing articulating surface on the hip joint. Hip resurfacing surgery benefits include minimized chance of hip dislocation and relief from pain.
Any type of problem in the knee joint is best addressed by knee arthroscopy. During the knee arthroscopy procedure, a small incision is made to guide a camera (called arthroscope) into the knee. Knee arthroscopy recovery time is up to six weeks. During this time, the normal joint fluid is re-established so that the patient can move his knee.
If any of the victim’s body part is lost due to disease, trauma or congenital conditions, then the same can be replaced by prosthesis. Any patient’s prosthesis is created and then assembled according to the functional needs and appearance of the patient. Prosthetics cost may vary, depending upon the demand and type of prosthetics required.
When the tissues in and around your shoulder joint is affected due to trauma or accident, then it is best treated with shoulder arthroscopy. Shoulder arthroscopy procedure uses an arthroscope, which is s small camera that is inserted by making a small cut in your skin. The camera offers view of the inside area of the shoulder.
Bilateral total hip replacement is a surgery performed to correct and relieve you of pain in the hip. The bilateral total hip replacement surgery is a complex and lengthy procedure as it involves both the hips, but the advantages are many. The surgery is performed under single anaesthesia, requires very short hospital stay and the recovery time is very quick.
Unilateral total hip replacement is a kind of surgical procedure performed on a single side of the hip to remove diseased part of your hip joint and it is replaced with artificial parts. This type of surgery is essential if you have damaged joints which are causing you persistent pain with everyday normal activities like walking, getting dressed.
Bilateral total knee replacement is defined as a surgery to implant both of your prosthetics. During the surgery the surface of the joint is eliminated and then the arthritic ends of your bones are shaved off so as to replace the same with plastic and metal surfaces. This knee replacement enables normal function of the knee.
Unicompartmental knee replacement is aimed towards relieving a patient of arthritis in one knee compartment that has been damaged. The best part is that unilateral total knee replacement reduces post-operative pain. Besides, unilateral total knee replacement recovery time is also very short. A person has to spend 6 to 8 hours in a hospital and he can return to normal activities within two weeks.